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Key Facts

  • Canberra is the capital city of Australia.
  • The population of Canberra is approximately 300,000 people.
  • The word "Canberra" is from the word Kanbarra which means the "meeting place" in the old Ngunnawal language of the Ngabri people.
  • Canberra is also known as the "Garden City of Australia"
  • Canberra is home to a multitude of institutions and national monuments. Some of them include the Australian War Memorial, the National Portrait Gallery, the National Gallery of Australia, the National Library of Australia, the Australian Academy of Science, the National Museum of Australia and the National Archives of Australia.
  • It is the largest inland city in Australia.
  • Most of Canberra's economy revolves around the public sector.
  • Time Zone AEST (UTC+10)
  • Co-ordinates: 35°18′27″S 149°07′27.9″E

Canberra is the capital of Australia and one of the largest cities in the country. It is a planned city that was designed by major 20th century architects Walter Burley Griffin and Marion Mahony Griffin. It was chosen as the nation's capital as a compromise by Sydney and Melbourne in 1908. Construction of Canberra began in 1913 and was closely regulated by the government..
Numerous government offices and departments are located within the city including the Parliament House and the High Court. Social and cultural institutions that are also located in Canberra include the Australian War Memorial, Australian National University, National Museum, and the National Library.
There are seven hierarchical districts in Canberra and these include:

  • Canberra Central
  • Woden Valley
  • Belconnen
  • Weston Creek
  • Tuggeranong
  • Gungahlin
  • Molongio Valley

These districts are also divided into several suburbs that are named after famous individuals such as former prime ministers and early settlers. The streets follow a particular theme such as names of locations, inventions, inventors, and artists.
Canberra is the location of many historical monuments and institutions in Australia. Examples include the Australian War Memorial, National Gallery of Australia, National Library, and the National Archives. Many of these institutions are open to the public and are regularly visited by local and foreign tourists.
One of the most famous landmarks and tourist attractions in Canberra is the Black Mountain Tower. It was previously known as Telstra Tower and Telecom Tower. It is located above the summit of Black Mountain offering visitors panoramic views of the city and surrounding countryside. A revolving restaurant is also located within the tower.
Canberra also hosts a good number of sporting events and teams. The Canberra Raiders and the Brumbies, teams that play rugby league and rugby union respectively, are two of the most popular in the city. Sporting events are usually held at the Canberra Stadium, the city's largest stadium.

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